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老芜湖的市井交响乐

发布日期:2014-12-17 9:13:20
<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt"> <P style="TEXT-ALIGN: center; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal align=center><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 方正隶书简体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 18pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">刘延业<SPAN lang=EN-US><?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><FONT style="FONT-SIZE: 15px"><FONT style="FONT-SIZE: 16px"></FONT></FONT>&nbsp;</P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><FONT style="FONT-SIZE: 15px"><FONT style="FONT-SIZE: 16px">芜湖是一座历史久远的商埠,商贾云集,街巷里的叫卖声此起彼落地在老芜湖城里回荡。<o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 22.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.1gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt">老芜湖人记忆中,每天听到的第一声吆喝大概是:“卖<FONT size=3><SPAN lang=EN-US>(</SPAN>哎<SPAN lang=EN-US>)</SPAN>——五香豆子”!卖豆的妇女提竹篮,挽</FONT><U>木 亮,</U>沿街叫卖,三分、五分钱随你买。那青翠阔叶杨树叶上托着白花花的五香豆,上面戳着牙签,那味,那色,就能把人醉倒……老芜湖的市民们,就着冒着热气的豆子,喝着酽酽的茶,开始了一天的营生。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt">春雨的早晨,小巷深处传来两声“卖白兰花、栀子花、茉莉花哎——”一阵花香袭人。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt">夏日的午后,十里长街一声<FONT size=3><SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>奶油雪糕、赤豆冰棒、香蕉洋糖冰棒<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>!似一丝凉风吹来。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt">那叫卖的东西大多是小吃类的食品:<FONT size=3><SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>卖熟藕哎<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"</SPAN>、<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>卖咸麻花甜麻花,麻油酥卷子哎<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"</SPAN>,<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>卖洋糖热粽子哎!<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>那一声长调:<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>卖酱油干子臭干子蒲包干子虾米干子火腿干子哎——<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>中间不换气,真不是一天两天能练出来的。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt">也有吆喝自己的技艺为你生活服务的:<FONT size=3><SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>打箍呕<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"</SPAN>、<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>修绷子<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"</SPAN>、<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>补锅补伞呕<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>、<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>哪有席子要修啊<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"</SPAN>、“补胶——皮鞋呕<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"</SPAN>、<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>磨剪子——铲刀啊<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"</SPAN>、<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>旧牙刷拿来穿<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"</SPAN>、<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>挑——牙虫<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"<o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt" lang=EN-US>"</SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt">挑牙虫<FONT size=3><SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>者系一中老年妇女,苏北口音,穿一身黑香云纱短打,撑黑阳伞,梳<SPAN lang=EN-US>S</SPAN>型发髻,打扮<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>清丝<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>。她<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>挑牙虫<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>的工具好象是一根豪猪翎毛。拿它在患者的患牙上拨弄着,不一会果然挑出一只象米虫一样的小虫来。后来听人说这是骗局,用的是夹带法。不过患者的牙立时不痛了却是事实。我怀疑是不是那根空心的豪猪翎毛里灌进了止痛药水<SPAN lang=EN-US>?<SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </SPAN><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt">吆喝声里,不光卖的,也有买的:<FONT size=3><SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>哪有破铜烂铁拿来卖<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"</SPAN>,<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>破布烂棉花拿来卖<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"</SPAN>,<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>鸡毛鸭毛换洋火<SPAN lang=EN-US>!</SPAN>——牙膏皮子拿来换糖吃<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>,<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>哪有长辫子拿来卖钱喽<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>!<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt">还有些买卖不用嘴吆喝,免伤<FONT size=3><SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>元气<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>。卖元宵、卖藕粥敲的是竹板,老街上的居民听<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>笃笃<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>还是<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>蠹蠹<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>的声响就知是卖什么;同样是竹梆子,从敲击节奏的差别就知是卖麻油还是卖馄饨。摇拨浪鼓<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>的是货郎,晃铁皮串的是锁匠;敲<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>叮当叮当<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>报君知的是相士,摇<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>咣郎咣郎<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>串铃的是郎中;掼称盘卖的是卤牛肉,炒铁锅碎瓷卖的是炒白果<SPAN lang=EN-US>(</SPAN>银杏<SPAN lang=EN-US>)</SPAN>;锣鼓齐响的是放洋片,二胡独奏是算命的;敲着两根钢钎的是锡匠,推着<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>吱啦啦<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>独轮小车的是运夫…… 能在吆喝里宣传商品功效的大概要数卖鼠药的了:<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>老鼠药,赛狸猫,老鼠吃了跑不了。大老鼠吃了蹦三蹦,小老鼠闻闻就送终<SPAN lang=EN-US>" </SPAN>!<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt">还有<FONT size=3><SPAN lang=EN-US>-</SPAN>位专卖<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>大礼华钢针<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>的,用唱和表演的方法来推销商品。他用三根指头在不同型号的针包里各捻出五根钢针,撒戳在一块小木板上,<SPAN lang=EN-US>-</SPAN>边唱着:<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>绣花针来五根,缝衣针来五根,绗棉衣针再来五根……<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>其间还来几句小话:<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>我这针栽得比秧还整齐<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"</SPAN>说唱之间已戳上二十多根,一一拔下包在纸里,又唱:<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>缝被服大针添两根,怕戳了你的手,再送一个顶针箍<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>。围观的妇女们,花上一毛钱买上一包<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>组合针<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>心满意足地走了,背后又听到他一边弹着钢针<SPAN lang=EN-US>-</SPAN>边唱着<SPAN lang=EN-US>"</SPAN>钢,钢、钢,只断不弯<SPAN lang=EN-US>!"<o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoBodyTextIndent><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt"><FONT size=3>除了这些“中式”的叫卖之外,也有“洋式”的:三五个男子穿着中世纪欧式仪仗队的服饰,戴着飘着羽毛的高帽子,敲奏着“洋鼓洋号”,叫卖着一些“本药”、“洋药”:万金油、济众水、仁丹,薄荷丹……<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></SPAN></P> <P style="LINE-HEIGHT: 22pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt; MARGIN: 0cm 27.2pt 0pt 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 2.59gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.0gd; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; LETTER-SPACING: -1pt; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 10.0pt">上个世纪五十年代,我曾见过一本乐谱簿子,那是我市音乐工作者对老芜湖的叫卖声所作的采凤记录,要是依谱用乐队把它们演奏出来,那准是一曲绝妙的老芜湖市井交响乐!<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></SPAN></P>
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